Mining engineers design safe and efficient mines for removing coal and metals. Mining engineers optimize mines for removing resources in the most efficient manner possible. They ensure that the as much of the resource as possible is extracted. Mining engineers often specialize in a particular mineral or metal, such as iron or coal. Some collaborate with geologists to find and evaluate new ore deposits. Others develop or improve mining equipment, or manage processing operations that separate and refine minerals. Mining safety engineers implement best practices, conduct mine and equipment inspections, monitor air quality, and ensure compliance with all safety regulations to keep workers safe. Mining engineers design both open pit and underground mines, supervise construction of mine structures, plan the transportation of minerals to processing plants, monitor production, and prepare reports. They assess the geological characteristics of mining sites and determine the structures, equipment and processes to be used at a particular operation. These professionals also make sure that mine operations are conducted in environmentally sound ways. They may also apply their expertise to land reclamation, water and air pollution, and sustainability issues.
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Mining engineers work mostly in mining operations in remote locations. However, some work in sand and gravel operations located near large cities. Over time, they may work their way up to office positions in mining firms or consulting companies, which are usually located near large metropolitan areas.
As of 2012, 30% of mining and geological engineers were employed in architectural, engineering, and related services. 17% worked in metal ore mining, and 10% in coal mining. 8% worked as managers of companies and enterprises, and another 6% were employed in mining support activities.
As of 2012, the average salary for geological and mining engineers was $84,320 per year, or $40.54 per hour. Those in management positions earned the most money, averaging $92,030. Engineers working in mining support activities earned $84,030. Those in metal ore mining made $83,280, while those specializing in coal were paid an average of $80,980.
Senior mining engineers often have a broader scope of responsibilities that include management of a mine or mines as well as operations and personnel. Such responsibilities often include:
Jobs in geological and mining engineering are projected to rise 12%, adding 1,000 jobs by 2022. This is as fast as the average across all occupations. Still, the number of jobs added will not be large, since the field is a relatively small one. Federal policy changes for accessing high quality coal deposits on federal lands in the Western U.S. may generate some new jobs. Also, a growing need for rare earth minerals for electronics manufacturing should help spur the expansion of mining. Some growth will occur in engineering services contracting. Retirements of older engineers will also make room for new recruits to the profession. Mining safety engineering is a growing area of expertise.
A bachelor39;s degree from an accredited engineering program is required to become a mining or geological engineer. Students interested in pursuing such careers should study math and science. Since few schools offer mining engineering programs, students may need to specialize in this area from within general engineering programs. Typical undergraduate programs in mining engineering include courses in geology, physics, mine design and safety, and math. Lab and field work are generally included. Graduate degrees general include coursework in mineral resource development and mining regulations.
4.1.1 Iron Ore Mining There are two basic methods of mining iron ore. These are: Surface mining or open pit mining Underground or shaft mining To be competitive, iron mining must be done on a very large scale. Surface mining is the preferred choice, although there are exceptions. Small, low capacity mines have rapidly disappeared.
The mining industry employs around 500 of these workers in Metal mining. You will find these workers adding material to work pieces, joining metal components, and annealing finished work pieces. Common Job titles for this position are Fabricator, Mig Welder, Spot Welder, Fitter Welder, and Braze Operators.
On the basis of mining methods, iron ore mining can be broadly divided into two categories namely manual mining and mechanized mining. Large iron ore mines are mechanized mines while manual mining methods are employed in the small mines. Manual mining method is normally to float ores. Mining of reef ore is also being done manually on a small scale.
Skilled maintenance and construction workers usually need several years of vocational training in their field, while workers in professional occupations need at least a bachelor39;s degree. Extraction workers.
Iron ore mining can be broadly divided into two categories namely 1) manual mining which is employed in small mines and 2) mechanized mining is suitable for large iron ore mines. Manual mining method is normally to float ores and small mines. Mining of reef ore is also being done manually on a small scale.