Egypt has 11 sites with black sands having eight types of heavy minerals, with geological reserve reaches 1.3 billion cubic meters. The reserve size is 288.5 million tons around Lake Burullus, and the mineral reserve is 1.1 billion cubic meters, with an average concentration of heavy metals 3 percent, so it is considered the largest reserve of black sand in the world.
These are ilmenite, magnetite, garnet, zircon, rutile and monazite; in addition to leucoxene, arranged in decreasing order of their abundance. The studied black sands suggest a reserve of 329, 183...
There are also proven mineral reserves in the eastern sector, worth about 48 million tons containing an average capacity of 2.1 percent of heavy metals, as well as the future supply of black sand. The black sand in these areas contains eight types of heavy metals, ranging in composition between 1 percent and 8 percent.