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shaker for feldspar mining

shaker for feldspar mining

Feldspar Department for Energy and Mining

Feldspars are aluminosilicate minerals with varying amounts of potassium, sodium and calcium in a solid solution series. It is the most abundant mineral group, constituting 60% of the Earths crust. The most common economic concentrations occur in pegmatites. Most commercial varieties are alkali feldspars, with composition between sodium and potassium end members, or at the sodic end of the plagioclase group. The principal minerals are: 1. Potassium feldspar 2. K spar: microcline or orthoclase, KAlSi3O8 3. Sodium feldspar or Na spar: albite, NaAlSi3O8 4. Oligoclase, AlSi3O8 Feldspar is an important ingredient in glassmaking. In ceramics it acts as a flux which imparts the vitreous lustre to chinaware, sanitaryware and ceramic tiles. It is used in glazes and enamels, and is an important mineral filler in paints, plastics, sealants and adhesives. World mine production is about 23 Mt/year with Turkey and Italy being the major producers. The Aust...

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South Australias major source of feldspar for many years was a pegmatite body within Adelaidean Burra sediments 2 km east of Gumeracha in the Mount Lofty Ranges. Approximately 56 000 t of mixed quartzfeldspar rock known as chinastone were mined between 1933 and 1969 for the ceramics and glass industries. From 1986 to 1989, 14 800 t of feldspar were mined from a partly kaolinised quartzfeldsparmuscovite pegmatite near the western margin of the Mount Crawford kaolinitesillimanite orebody during a phase of quarry expansion.

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Three types of feldspar deposits are hosted by Willyama Supergroup rocks in the Olary region : 1. Zoned pegmatite bodies up to 300 m long, generally concordant with the enclosing metasediments. These pegmatites have quartz cores surrounded by coarse grained microcline perthite, an alkali feldspar typically composed of 6075% K spar. They account for almost all of the 18 457 t of feldspar produced by selective mining of 21 individual pegmatites from 1932 to 1979. 2. Poorly zoned albite bearing pegmatite bodies, mostly discordant with the enclosing metasediments. The largest of these, near Antro woolshed 35 km northwest of Olary, has produced 139 661 tonnes of industrial feldspar and 2 107 tonnes of ornamental aggregate between 1987 and 2013. 3. Irregular feldspar bodies at the northern albitised margin of a large Mesoproterozoic hornblendealbite amphibolite near Weekeroo Hill, 25 km north northwest of Manna Hill. The largest is the Manna Hill Feldspar Deposit...

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Olliver, J.G. and Steveson, B.G., 1984. Pegmatites in the Olary Province feldspar and beryl mining. Mineral Resources Review, South Australia,154:22 35.

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Feldspar Minerals Education Coalition

Feldspar is the name given to a group of minerals distinguished by the presence of alumina and silica in their chemistry. This group includes aluminum silicates of soda, potassium, or lime. It is the single most abundant mineral group on Earth. They account for an estimated 60% of exposed rocks, as well as soils, clays, and other unconsolidated sediments, and are principal components in rock classification schemes. The minerals included in this group are the orthoclase, microcline and plagioclase feldspars.

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The top states producing feldspar are North Carolina, ia, California, Oklahoma, Idaho, Georgia and South Dakota, in descending order of estimated tonnage. Feldspar processors reported co product recovery of mica and silica sand. Feldspar is mined from large granite bodies , from pegmatites , and from sands composed mostly of feldspar. Because feldspar is such a large component of the Earths crust, it is assumed that the supply of feldspar is more than adequate to meet demand for a very long time to come. Present mines worldwide are adequately meeting the need for raw feldspar. Hard rock mining for feldspars is done by open pit methods, either by the mine owner or by contractors. After the feldspar ore is drilled and blasted, secondary breakage is performed with a conventional d...

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Feldspar is used to make dinnerware and bathroom and building tiles. In ceramics and glass production, feldspar is used as a flux. A flux is a material that lowers the melting temperature of another material, in this case, glass. Substitutes and Alternative Sources Feldspar can be replaced by other minerals and mineral mixtures of similar physical properties. Minerals that could be used to replace feldspar include pyrophyllite, clays, talc, and feldspar silica mixtures. The abundance of feldspar will make these substitutions unnecessary for the foreseeable future.

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