Element reactions. This section lists some binary compounds with halogens , oxygen , hydrogen , and some other compounds of platinum. For each compound, a formal oxidation number for platinum is given, but the usefulness of this number is for p block elements in particular.
There are six metallic elements called the Platinum Metals which are platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium. These are all extracted during the mining process. Because of the rarity of pgm and its tendency to combine with other metals, the mining process often yields far more nickel or copper than it does platinum.
Platinum is found in its pure native form or in platiniridium, a natural alloy of platinum and iridium. Platinum is present in thin sulfide layers in certain mafic igneous bodies and is mined in Canada, Russia, South Africa, the USA, Zimbabwe and Australia. Some platinum is obtained as a by product of copper and nickel processing.
Platinum is a transition metal in 10 of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. Platinum is also a member of a group of metals named after itself. Other platinum metals include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, and indium.