Mkpoikana Udoma. Port Harcourt As a way of reducing the economic impact of COVID 19 pandemic on the citizens, the Federal Government has formalized plans to set up barite processing plant in Cross River State. The project, which is a part of the Federal Governments Artisanal and Small Scale Mineral Processing Cluster for the South South Zone, is expected to see to the development of solid minerals in the zone.
rates and distances from consuming centers. A barite processing plant near Mesa was operated from 1946 to 1955, after which the mill was dismantled Interest in barite has been revived, and early in 1958 several large COm panies optioned promising properties in the State.
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Barite is vital to the oil and gas industry because it is a key constituent of the mud used to drill oil and gas wells. Elemental barium is an additive in optical glass, ceramic glazes, and other products. Within the United States, barite is produced mainly from mines in Nevada. Imports in 2011 accounted for 78 percent of domestic consumption and came mostly from China.
Barium is obtained chiefly from the mineral barite. Barium is a soft, silvery, reactive metal. Because barium is so dense it is commonly used in some alloys, for example in spark plugs and ball bearings. As of 2013, China, India and Morocco were the worlds largest producers of barium. In the U.S, barite is mined primarily in Nevada and Georgia.
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IMAR 7th Edition Much care must be taken to remove the mined barite with as little waste contamination as possible to reduce processing costs. In some cases, it is very difficult to eliminate the waste because of the nature and type of deposit. In a residual deposit, a high percentage of the material is waste, and current mining equipment is not capable of separating the clay waste. Therefore, the ore bearing waste is mined and hauled to the processing plant for separation. A bedded barite that has thinly bedded shale, chert, or argillite also is mined and hauled directly to the processing plant with very little waste separation. If the bedded or vein barite zone is pure enough and of sufficient size, the ore zone may then be mined to produce barite that will meet specifications without further processing. In many cases, the waste on the hanging wall of the ore must be removed first. Removal allows the mining equipment to mine the ore cleaner and with less waste contamination. When...
By far, the principal use for barite is as a weighting agent in oil and natural gas drilling. In this process, barite is crushed and mixed with water and other materials. It is then pumped into the drill hole. The weight of this mixture counteracts the force of the oil and gas when it is released from the ground. This allows the oil and gas rig operators to prevent the explosive release of the oil and gas from the ground. Currently, the majority of barite consumption in the United States is for this drilling application. However, the consumption in drilling mud fluctuates from year to year, as it is dependent on the amount of exploration drilling for oil and gas, which in turn depends on oil and gas prices. Beyond this, barite is used as an additive to paints, enamels, and plastics, in the production of so called lead crystal or leaded glass, stops radiation from computer monitors and television tubes, and as the source of barium chemicals. Barite has the unique ability to s...