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goldmianers pride in africa

goldmianers pride in africa

The Dilemma of Chinese Gold Miners in Ghana Black Livity China

Ghana is endowed with vast reserves of natural resources, both renewable and non renewable. As the second largest gold miner in Africa, behind South Africa, Ghana is famous for its gold production and was once named the Gold Coast because of the abundance of gold. Between 1493 1600, Ghana accounted for about 36% of the total world gold output. Also, between the first documentation of gold mining in 1493 up to 1997, Ghana extractedan estimated 80 million ounces of gold. The extraction of gold in Ghana is thus, an age old phenomenon which has been carried out by local people using artisanal techniques known in local parlance as galamsey. A key feature of Ghanas gold is that small scale mining accounts for about 30% of total gold output, employingabout 3 million people directly and indirectly. The small scale mining sector was legalized in 1989 for citizens while explicitly forbidding the involvement of foreigners. The legalization was done to formalize and regularize the sector f...

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According to a report by the 21st Century Business Herald, translated from Chinese to English by the China Africa Project, a unique eye for gold and the fancy stories of rags to riches of Chinese miners has been the primary motivator and driving force of Chinese arrival to Ghana for mining. A study by Crawford et al. in 2015 entailing the arrival from 2006 into the central area of alluvial gold mining in Ghana revealed that these small group of miners that have become known as the Shanglin gang came predominantly from the Shanglin County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Province of China. However, the first phase of small scale Chinese miners to Ghana was in 1998 that comprised a group of miners from Hunan Province of China. The Hunan group expanded to around 300 miners and was in Ghana from 1998 to 2005, but did not make much profit and their business venture collapsed. TheSouth China Morning Postin a 2013 report estimated that more than 50,000 Chinese gold miners first became a contentious issue between 2012 and 2013. By 2013, the involvement of Chinese citizens had grown to such proportions it triggered a persistent hostile media coverage of conflicts between Chinese miners and local miners, as well as an unprecedented rate of environmental degradation. The media sensationalism on the issue led to the formation of an Inter Ministerial Task Force in 2013 to deal with the canker. The military style task force was primarily aimed at flushing out foreign miners, and by mid July 2013, about 4,592 Chinese nationals had been deported, as well as small numbers of other foreign nationals. The campaign died naturally partly due to ineffective enforcement measures and low public and media attention afterward. A change of government in January 2017 ushered in perhaps the most vocal and unprecedented anti illegal small scale mining campaign in the country after alm...

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The media sensationalism of Chinese involvement has become a worrying issue for both China and Ghana regarding their future relations. The official admonition by the Chinese Embassy in Ghana to the media and the Ghanaian government in April 2017 perhaps sums up how the issue of Chinese mining activities could affect the bilateral relations between the two countries. This diplomatic concern climaxes the contentious issue of Chinese mining activities in Ghana. The argument and a deep seated concern by many ordinary Ghanaian are that the presence of the Chinese miners in the Small scale mining sector reserved for locals is as a result of Ghanaian government unwillingness to act due to fears over its relations with China a country that has become Ghanas biggest trading partner and essential aid and investment partner over the years. The arrest and deportation of several Chinese mine workers, as well as a police crackdown resulting in the death of a 16 year old Chinese miner in Octobe...

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China is Africas most significant economic partner and a critical alternative aid and investment source. However, media sensationalism of Chinese resources interest has exposed Chinas presence in Africa to skepticism and increasing resentment from some Africans. In Ghana, despite the encouraging Ghana China bilateral relations over the years, the issue of Chinese small scale miners has not only increased public resentment toward Chinese but at times presented tension and setback in the bilateral relations between the two countries. The bottom line, however, is that Chinas influence and interest in Ghana regarding Chinese investments and aid has made it difficult for the menace involving Chinese nationals to be dealt with appropriately considering how strategic the economic cooperation between the two countries is at the current stage. Most importantly, the potential repercussions that a sharp reprimand from either side may have on their bilateral relationship is in line with the...

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